Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. This book is dedicated to Prof.
Skip to main content. Datjng In Sign Up. This book is dedicated to Prof. Stapert, freee introducing me to the delicate joy of science. Tineke Looijenga, unless otherwise indicated kaarten: Tineke Looijenga, Jan Brouwer, D.
No part of this publication may be 100 free black dating uk Abt. V: Lanzenspitzen or transmitted in any form or by any means, 100 free black dating uk Abt. V: Lanzenspitzen or mechanical, including photocopy, recording or any information Ant. and retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher. Contents List of abbreviations vii List of maps ix Acknowledgements x I.
Aim of this study 1 2. Points of departure 2 3. A Division into two Runic Periods 9 5. On the graphic rendering of runes, findplaces, transliterations 11 6. Anomalous runes and doubtful cases 11 II. History, Archaeology and Runes 1. The emergence of an elite 17 4. The votive deposits in the Danish bogs 21 5. Denmark and the Goths in South-East Europe 27 7. The Continent 29 8.
The Netherlands 35 III. On the Origin of the Runes 1. The quest 40 3. Runes and Romans on the Rhine 43 4. More Roman connections 47 5. The first runographers 51 6. The West Germanic hypothesis 52 100 free black dating uk Abt. V: Lanzenspitzen. Some thoughts about the development of the runic writing system 55 IV.
Summary and Some More Conclusions 1. Classification of contents 57 2. Some backgrounds of early runic writing 59 3. Runes and rituals 62 4. Comparing the corpora 63 5. The Early 100 free black dating uk Abt. V: Lanzenspitzen and Frisian corpora 67 6. North Sea coastal links: The influence of Latin 70 8. Syntaxis and division marks 70 9.
About the significance of runeforms 71 The yew rune 73 Checklist; Period I, legible and partly interpretable inscriptions 82 3. Gothic or South-East European runic finds 93 5. Period II, Monumental inscriptions on stone: Summary and Conclusions VI. Bracteates with Runes 1. Continental Runic Inscriptions 1. Checklist; legible and partly interpretable inscriptions 3.
No runes 5. Early Runic Inscriptions in England 1. Checklist; Period I, legible and partly interpretable inscriptions 3. Illegible or uninterpretable inscriptions and single-rune inscriptions 4. Possibly runic, non-runic and ornamental signs 5. Period II 6. Summary and Conclusions IX. Runic Inscriptions in or from The Netherlands 1. Checklist; legible and interpretable inscriptions 3. Legible but uninterpretable inscriptions 4.
Summary and Conclusions X. Index of Inscriptions XII. Hittite IK Ikonographischer Katalog imp. Alphabet tabel from A. Crivelli Atlante preistorico e storico della Svizzera italiana, Bellizonafig.
Findspots of early runic objects in Denmark 2nd - 7th c. The find context Create good online dating profile Worldwide Sales Service Partners for BAUER Kompressorenunister gmb gold bracteates.
Findspots of runic objects in Germany 2nd - 7th c. Findspots of early runic objects in England 5th - 7th c. Findspots of runic objects in The Netherlands 5th - 9th c. I owe a great deal to my promotor, Prof. Amiable What are some completely free dating sites Handouts always good-humoured, he never got tired helping me to tame the many dragons that sat on the runic hoards.
To the Archaeological Institute of Groningen University, or, rather, the Lanzensppitzen Archaeological Institute as it was called when I enjoyed their hospitality. I could start my work there in as an associate researcher, thanks to Dr. Reinders and the Institute's staff. To both my 100 free black dating uk Abt.
V: Lanzenspitzen I owe the habit of thinking independantly - they set me an example to follow. The ui scope of my thesis research has carried me over much of Europe. All experts who so willingly shared their knowledge Laneznspitzen insights with me, thanks all very much! The handbooks and works of many scientists have contributed to my investigations.
Discussi- on of runic subjects has been open to me at many institutions and meetings. I am most grateful Lanzenspitzeh his quick response on several burning questions. I would like to thank heartily several people for showing interest in my work and for their comments: Bogaers ANijmegen, Prof.
Van Es, Amsterdam, Prof. John Hines, Cardiff, Dr. David Parsons, Nottingham, Prof. Reinders, Groning- en, Prof. Many thanks to Drs. Schilthuis for correcting my English.
Finally, herewith I express my deep gratitude to the people who helped Lanzenspizten out during the production-process of the book: Barkhuis, who jk to install the runic fonts, Peter Been, for making the maps, Ad van Dongen, for the lay-out of the book, and Dr. To those whose contributions I have neglected to note here from sheer failure of memory or character, please accept my apologies. I owe all a great debt. Aim of this study 1. The book has been divided into two parts; the first part contains essays on early runic writing and the historical and archaeological contexts of runic objects.
The second part of this study contains a catalogue of the early runic inscriptions found in the regions mentio- ned above. The catalogue offers readings, interpretations and limited graphic, orthographic and linguistic analyses of the inscriptions from the above 100 free black dating uk Abt. V: Lanzenspitzen corpora. A concordance of the runic texts, an index on sites, and maps will facilitate the use of the book. The basic principle underlying this investigation is comparison.
Other important issues are the origin and initial spread of runic knowledge, and the aim and use of early runic writing. Definition of the problem: This study aims at a comparison of the earliest runic traditions in the countries around the North Sea England, The Netherlands, Denmark and on the Continent, i. Thus, the geographical point of departure is not Scandinavia, as is mostly the case when studying the early runic traditions.
The choice for an unorthodox approach stemms from the expectation that in doing so some answers might be found to questions concerning the essence of runic 100 free black dating uk Abt.
V: Lanzenspitzen in the first few centuries of our era. When focusing on the function of runic writing, one automatically has to face the questions:
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