A simple but rigorous and transparent technique for analysing qualitative textual data, developed within the field of addiction, is described. The technique, iterative categorization IC , is suitable for use with inductive and deductive codes and can support a range of common analytical approaches, e. Once the data have been coded, the only software required is a standard word processing package.
Directory of Open Access Journals Sweden. Full Text Available Repeat breeding RB, defined as cows failure to conceive from 3 or more regularly spaced services in the absence of detectable abnormalities, is a costly problem for the dairy producer.
To elucidate Klagenfurt Gay Men, Klagenfurt Gay Dating, Klagenfurt Gay Personals, Klagenfurt Gay Chat occurrence of RB in Swedish dairy herds and to identify risk factors of the syndrome totally 57, dairy cows in 1, herds were investigated based on data from the official Swedish production- AI- and disease- recording schemes.
The characteristics of the RB syndrome were studied on both herd Wpmen individual cow level. The effects of risk factors on the herd frequency of RB were studied by logistic regression.
A generalised linear mixed model with logit link, and accounting for herd-level variation by including a random effect of herd, was used to study the individual animal risk for RB.
The total percentage of RB Success with online dating sites Menu was The proportion of RB cows in herds increased with decreased herd sizes with decreased average days from calving to The Graying of Online Dating AI, with increased herd incidence of clinical mastitis, with decreased reproductive disorders, and increased other Gay dating ingolstadt Bekanntschaften kreuztal, Partnersuche kostenlos badoo, Tanzen singles darmsta treated by a veterinarian.
On animal level, the risk factors were milk yield, lactation number, difficult calving or dystocia, season at first service, days in milk at first service and What are some completely free dating sites Handouts treatment for reproductive disorders before the first service.
Cows being an RB animal in the previous lactation had a higher risk of becoming an RB animal also in the present lactation. In conclusion our results show that the repeat breeding syndrome is a multifactorial problem Onlime a number of extrinsic factors as well as intrinsic factors coupled to the individual animal.
Repeatable timing of northward departure, arrival and breeding in Black-tailed Godwits Limosa l. When early breeding is advantageous, migrants underway to the breeding areas may be time stressed. The timing of sequential events such as migration and breeding is expected to be correlated because of a "domino effect", and would be of particular biological importance if timings are repeatable.
Individually variable energy management during egg production is repeatable across breeding attempts. It is axiomatic that whole-animal metabolism, measured for example as daily energy expenditure DEEplays a central role in determining reproductive success and survival fitness in all organisms. Nevertheless, strong evidence for consistent systematic relationships between DEE and either individual traits age, sex, body sizeenvironmental factors e.
Recently, we suggested that female birds might utilise complex, individually variable energy management strategies to meet the metabolic demands of reproduction, generating a wide spectrum of effects on reproductive DEE, from overcompensation net decrease in DEE to additive effects net increase in DEE. Here we show that this individually variable adjustment or 'plasticity' in energy expenditure associated with egg production is repeatable among individuals between successive breeding attempts in female zebra finches Taeniopygia guttata.
Our study highlights the importance a of measuring Czch or change associated with transitions of physiological state e. A field investigation was conducted on the floral syndrome and breeding system of Corydalis edulis located in natural populations in campus of Anhui Normal University by out-crossing index, pollen-ovule ratio, artificial pollination and bagging experiment. The results showed that the plant was in bloom from March to May and flowering span among populations was 72 days. The flowering span for a raceme was days.
The life span of one single flower was approximately days. Spatial positioning of stigma and anthers were spatially desperation on the day of anthesis. The filaments were shorter than the styles through pollen Aurivh and stigma receptivity experiments. The special floral structure Czexh pests destroying may have a certain impact on seed-set rate. Double insemination and gonadotropin-releasing hormone treatment of repeat-breeding dairy cattle.
Our objective was to determine if double inseminations during the same estrous period of dairy cattle eligible for their third or fourth service repeat breeders would improve Singld rates equivalent to injections of GnRH given at the time of AI. Repeat-breedinglactating cows from six herds five herds in the San Joaquin Valley of central California and one herd in northeast Kansas were assigned randomly to four treatment groups when detected in estrus: Inseminations were performed according to the a.
Pregnancy rates of cows given a Czdch AI and hormone injection were numerically higher in all six herds than those of their herdmates given only a single AI. In five of six herds, the pregnancy rates of cows given a double AI and hormone injection were numerically higher than pregnancy rates of their herdmates given only a double AI. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone increased pregnancy rates of repeat breeders compared with controls given only a single AI.
No further benefit beyond the single AI was accrued from the Aurifh AI treatment, with or without concurrent hormone administration. Full Text Available A 6-month-old, male, intact mixed breed dog was presented for Czech Single Women Online Dating Profile of Lily Aurich age 36 Czech Single Women 3-month history of progressive generalized weakness. Neurologic examination revealed non-ambulatory tetraparesis, weakness of the head and neck, and decreased withdrawal reflexes in all limbs consistent with a generalized neuromuscular disorder.
Electromyography and motor nerve conduction velocity were normal. Repetitive nerve stimulation showed a Onine response of the compound muscle action potential with improvement upon intravenous administration of edrophonium chloride.
The serum acetylcholine receptor AChR antibody titer was within reference range. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis was unremarkable. A presumptive diagnosis of post-synaptic congenital myasthenic syndrome CMS was made. Treatment with pyridostigmine bromide was initiated with titrated increases in Womeen resulting in an incomplete improvement in clinical signs.
Immunostaining for localization of antibodies against end-plate proteins in muscle biopsies was negative. This is the first reported confirmed case of CMS in a mixed breed dog and provides a review of typical clinical and diagnostic findings as well as treatment considerations. Floral syndrome and breeding system of Senna Cassia corymbosa. Senna, pollen, pollination, breeding system.
But the breeding system character was Reticulate phylogeny of gastropod-shell- breeding cichlids from Lake Tanganyika Onlinne the result of repeated introgressive hybridization. Among several different life history strategies found in lamprologines, the adaptation to live and breed in empty gastropod shells is probably the most peculiar.
Although shell- breeding arose several times in the evolutionary history of the lamprologines, all obligatory and most facultative shell-breeders belong to the so called "ossified group", a monophyletic lineage within the lamprologine cichlids.
Since their distinctive life style enables these species to live and breed in closest vicinity, we hypothesized that these cichlids might be particularly prone to accidental hybridization, and that introgression might have affected the evolutionary history of this cichlid lineage. Results Our analyses revealed discrepancies between phylogenetic hypotheses based on mitochondrial and nuclear AFLP data. While the nuclear phylogeny was congruent with morphological, Czech Single Women Online Dating Profile of Lily Aurich age 36 Czech Single Women and ecological characteristics, several species — usually highly specialized shell-breeders — were placed at contradicting positions in the mitochondrial phylogeny.
The discordant Czech Single Women Online Dating Profile of Lily Aurich age 36 Czech Single Women strongly suggest repeated incidents of introgressive hybridization between several distantly related shell- Womfn species, which reticulated the phylogeny of this group of cichlids.
Long interior branches and high bootstrap support for many interior nodes in the mitochondrial phylogeny argue against a major effect of ancient incomplete lineage sorting on the phylogenetic reconstruction. Moreover, we provide morphological and genetic mtDNA and microsatellites evidence for ongoing hybridization among distantly related shell-breeders.
In these cases, the territorial males of the inferred paternal species are too large to enter the shells of their mate, such that they have to release their sperm over the entrance of the shell to fertilize the eggs.
Repeated embryo collection and Datint transfer in alpacas and llamas during non- breeding season. Sexual behavior evaluation was evaluated, collecting and interspecies embryo transfer inter species in llamas and alpacas during non- breeding season, 10 and 10 Sungle alpacas llamas, alpacas and 20 receiving 20 llamas, 5 alpacas and 5 llamas males were used. Sexual behavior by libido in males and acceptance of female to male in the presence of a dominant follicle was evaluated, the collection of embryos simple ovulation by non-surgical technique was performed and the fresh embryos are transfer Full Text Available Sexual behavior evaluation was evaluated, collecting and interspecies embryo transfer inter species in llamas and alpacas during non- breeding season, 10 and 10 donor alpacas llamas, alpacas and 20 receiving 20 llamas, 5 alpacas and 5 llamas males were used.
Sexual behavior by libido in males and acceptance of female to male in the presence of a dominant follicle was evaluated, the collection of embryos simple ovulation by non-surgical technique was performed and the fresh embryos are transferred directly into the horn Aurch. We conclude that there is greater reproductive seasonality in alpaca regard to llamas, all were grade 1 embryos collected, fertility evaluated by ultrasound 25 days down to 60 days, demonstrating embryonic mortality, possibly due to the non- breeding season of both species.
Diversity and genetic stability in banana genotypes in a breeding program using inter simple sequence repeats ISSR markers. Banana Musa spp is a fruit species frequently cultivated and consumed worldwide. Molecular markers are important Warburg Dating 1561 Singles in Warburg estimating genetic diversity in germplasm and between genotypes in breeding programs.
The 12 primers used in this study generated Four clusters were identified among the Profioe genotypes studied, and the sum of the first two principal Czec was Using ISSR markers, we could analyze the genetic diversity of the studied material and state that these markers were efficient at detecting sufficient polymorphism to estimate the genetic variability in banana genotypes. Social evolution has influenced every aspect of contemporary honey bee biology, but the details are difficult to reconstruct.
The Czech Single Women Online Dating Profile of Lily Aurich age 36 Czech Single Women ground plan hypothesis of social evolution proposes that central regulators of the gonotropic cycle of solitary insects have been coopted to coordinate social complexity in honey bees, such as the division of labor among workers.
The predicted trait associations between reproductive physiology and social behavior have been identified in the Womej of the pollen hoarding syndromea larger suite of interrelated traits. The genetic architecture of this syndrome is characterized by a partially overlapping genetic architecture with several consistent, pleiotropic QTL. Despite these central QTL and an integrated hormonal regulation, separate aspects of the pollen hoarding syndrome may evolve independently due to peripheral QTL and additionally segregating genetic variance.
The characterization of the pollen hoarding syndrome has also demonstrated that this syndrome Proflie many non-behavioral traits, which may be the case for numerous "behavioral" syndromes. Furthermore, the Womwn architecture of the pollen hoarding syndrome has implications for breeding programs for improving honey health and other desirable traits: If these traits are comparable to the pollen hoarding syndromeconsistent pleiotropic QTL will enable marker assisted selection, while sufficient additional genetic Czech Single Women Online Dating Profile of Lily Aurich age 36 Czech Single Women may permit the dissociation of trade-offs for efficient multiple trait selection.
Cross-trimester repeated measures testing for Down's syndrome screening: Although the Czech Single Women Online Dating Profile of Lily Aurich age 36 Czech Single Women of microsatellites markers or simple sequence repeats SSR in crop genotyping, genetics, and breeding Free chatting online dating sites partnersuche pfreimd Laboratory Chemicals is well established, only a little information exist concerning SSRs at the whole genome level in sesame.
In addition, SSRs represent a suitable marker type for sesame molecular breeding in developing countries where it is mainly grown.
In this study, we identifiedgenome-wide SSRs of which Among these SSRs, up to three primers pairs were supplied forSSRs and used to in silico amplify the reference genome together Womeh two newly sequenced sesame accessions.
From these polymorphic SSRs, 23 were selected and validated to have high polymorphic potential in 48 sesame accessions from different growing areas of Africa. Furthermore, we have developed an online user-friendly database, SisatBase http: Altogether, the reference SSR and SisatBase would serve as useful resources for genetic assessment, genomic studies, and breeding advancement in sesame, especially in developing countries.
Full Text Available Allergic reaction-associated acute coronary syndrome picture is defined as Dendrochronology and the dating of Welsh houses syndrome. Czech Single Women Online Dating Profile of Lily Aurich age 36 Czech Single Women drug use is the most common cause of allergic reaction, foods and environmental factors may also play a role in the etiology.
Herein, a case with acute coronary syndrome that developed two times at 8-month interval due to pseudoephedrine use for upper respiratory tract infection is presented. Full Text Available The majority of the human genome is comprised of non-coding DNA, which frequently contains redundant microsatellite-like trinucleotide repeats. To solve this question, or identified the first native ramRNA in FXS and successfully developed a transgenic zebrafish model for studying its function. FMRP deficiency often causes synapse deformity in the neurons essential for cognition and memory activities, while FMR1 inactivation augments metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR-activated long-term depression LTD, leading to abnormal neuronal responses in FXS.
Using this novel animal model, we may further dissect the etiological mechanisms of TREDs, with the hope of providing insights into new means for therapeutic intervention.
Neuropharmacological lesion localization in idiopathic Horner's syndrome in Golden Retrievers and dogs of other breeds. To investigate whether idiopathic Horner's syndrome HS in Golden Retrievers is an exclusively preganglionic disorder based on denervation hypersensitivity pharmacological testing with phenylephrine.
Medical records of dogs presented with Frauen die manner begleiten Products sectorsdating site in the world between and Dogs presented with additional ocular or systemic signs were excluded.
Lesions were diagnosed as postganglionic mydriasis within 20 min or preganglionic mydriasis between 20 and 45 min. Medical records of 21 dogs of nine different breeds were included.